Here you will find Extra Questions for CBSE Class 10 Social Science Political Science (Civics) Chapter 5 Popular Struggles and Movements. Students are suggested to go through each and every question to score better marks in their exam.
Extra Questions for Popular Struggles and Movements
Very Short Answer Type Questions (VSA)
Q1. Who dissolved the popularly elected parliament in February 2005, in Nepal?
Ans. King Gyanendra dissolved the popularly elected parliament in February 2005, in Nepal.
Q2. What was the main role of ‘FEDECOR’ organisation in Bolivia?
Ans. The protest against water privatisation in Bolivia was led by ‘FEDECOR’ organisation.
Q3. What did the world Bank ask the Bolivian government?
Ans. The world Bank asked the Bolivian government to give up its control of municipal water supply.
Q4. Water did the government of Bolivia do then?
Ans. It sold the rights of water supply for the city of Cochabamba to a multinational company.
Q5. What was the immediate step taken by the company?
Ans. The company immediately increased the price of water by four times.
Q6. How is democratic conflict resolved?
Ans. Democratic conflict is resolved through mass mobilisation.
Q7. What was FEDECOR comprised of?
Ans. FEDECOR organisation was compensed of local professionals, including engineers and environmentalists.
Q8. Which party supported the movement led by FEDECOR?
Ans. The movement led by FEDECOR was supported by the socialist party.
Q9. What are called interest groups?
Ans. Sometimes people from an organisation and undertake activities to promote their interests or their view points. These are called interest groups.
Q10. What are pressure groups?
Ans. Pressure groups are organisation that attempt to influence government policies.
Q11. How are pressure groups different from political parties?
Ans. Unlike political parties, pressure groups do not aim to directly control or share political power.
Q12. Name some people’s movement which have become very popular.
Ans. Narmada Bachao Andolan, movement for right to information. Anti-liquor movement, women’s movement, environmental movement.
Q13. How is a movement similar to an interest group?
Ans. Like an interest group, a movement also attempts to influence politics rather than directly take part in electoral competition.
Q14. How is a movement different from an interest group?
Ans. Unlike an interest group, a movement has a loose organisation. Its division making is more informal and flexible.
Q15. What are sectional interest groups? Give examples.
Ans. The interest group that seek to promote the interests of a particular section or a group of society are called sectional interest groups. For example – trade unions, business associations etc.
Q16. What is the principal concern of the sectional interest groups?
Ans. Their principal concern is the betterment and well-being of their members, not society in general.
Q17. What is the principal concern of the promotional groups?
Ans. Their principal concern is to promote collective rather than selective good.
Q18. What is BAMCEF?
Ans. BAMCEF (Backward and Minority Communities Employees Federation) is an organisation largely made up of government employees that campaigns against caste discrimination.
Q19. What is the principal concern of BAMCEF?
Ans. Its principal concern is bring social justice and social equality in the entire society.
Q20. Give an example of the issue specific – movement.
Ans. Narmada Bachao Andolan is a good example of an the issue-specific movement.
Q21. What was the objective of Narmada Bachao Andolan?
Ans. Its objective was to stop the dam from being constructed on the Narmada river.
Q22. Give two examples of movements that are long term and involve more than one issue.
Ans. Two examples of such movements:
(i) Environmental movement
(ii) Women’s movement
Q23. Name one movement that gave birth to a political party. What is the name of this party?
Ans. The Assam movement led by students against the ‘foreigners’ It led to the formation of the Asom Gana Parishad.
Q24. Which financial agency pressurised the government of Bolivia to give an MNC, control over water supply arrangements in the city of Cochabamba?
Ans. The World Bank pressurised the government of Bolivia to give an MNC, control over water supply arrangements in the city of Cochabamba.
Q25. In which two ways, the public interest groups achieve their arms?
Ans. (i) They can raise slogans.
(ii) They can disrupt the public.