Here you will find Extra Questions for CBSE Class 10 Social Science Political Science (Civics) Chapter 6 Political Parties. Students are suggested to go through each and every question to score better marks in their exam.
Extra Questions for Political Parties
Very Short Answer Type Questions (VSA)
Q1. If all the decision of a political party are made by a single family and all other members are neglected, than what challenge is being faced by that party?
Ans. That political party will face the challenge of lack of internal democracy within parties.
Q2. What is political party?
Ans. A political party is a group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government. They agree on some policies and programmes for the society with a view to promote the collective good.
Q3. What is partisanship?
Ans. Partisanship is marked by a tendency to take a side and inability to take a balanced view on an issue.
Q4. Name the three components of a political party.
Ans. (i) Leaders
(ii) Active members
Q5. What is expected form a government?
Ans. A government is expected to base its policies on the line taken by the ruling party.
Q6. Mention any two functions of a political party.
Ans. (i) It contests elections.
(ii) It puts forward different policies and programmes and the voters choose from then.
Q7. Why do parties sometimes launch movements?
Ans. Parties sometimes launch movements for the resolution of problems faced by people.
Q8. Under which do people usually reject some particular parties in the next elections?
Ans. People usually reject some particular parties in the next elections if they (parties) are not responsive to their (people’s) needs and demands.
Q9. How are political parties viewed in a democracy?
Ans. Political parties are a necessary condition for a democracy.
Q10. How many parties are registered with the Election Commission of India?
Ans. More than 750 parties are registered with the Election Commission of India.
Q11. Which party is allowed to rule in China?
Ans. The communist party is allowed to rule in China.
Q12. Although people in China are legally free to form political parties, it does not happen. Why?
Ans. It is because the electoral system does not permit free competition for power.
Q13. Why is one party system not considered a good option?
Ans. One party system is not considered a good option because this is not a democratic option.
Q14. Why do we need at least two parties in a democratic system?
Ans. It gives a fair chance to the two parties to compete in elections to come to power.
Q15. Name the two countries where we see two party system.
Ans. (i) The United States of America (ii) The United Kingdom
Q16. How is the government formed in a multi-party system?
Ans. In a multi-party system, the government is formed by various parties coming together in a coalition.
Q17. What is called an alliance or a front?
Ans. When several parties in a multi-party system join hands for the purpose of contesting elections and winning power it is called an alliance or a front.
Q18. What is a major drawback of the multi-party system?
Ans. The multi-party system often appears very messy and leads to political instability.
Q19. India has evolved a multi-party system. What is the reason behind it?
Ans. It is because the social and geographical diversity in such a large country is not easily absorbed by two or even three parties.
Q20. Democracies that follows a federal system all over the world tend to have two kinds of political parties. Which are they?
Ans. (i) Parties that are present in only one of the federal units.
(ii) Parties that are present in several or all units of the federation.
Q21. What are called ‘national parties’?
Ans. There are some countrywide parties, which are called national parties. These parties have their units in various states. These units follow the same policies, programmes and strategy that are decided at the national level.
Q22. What are called ‘recognised political parties’?
Ans. Parties that get some special facilities from the Election Commission are called ‘recognised political parties’.
Q23. Which party is recognised as a state party?
Ans. A party that secures at least six per cent of the total votes in an election to the Legislative Assembly of a state and wins at least two seats is recognised as a state party.
Q24. Which party is recognised as a national party?
Ans. A party that secures at least six per cent of the total votes in Lok Sabha elections or Assembly elections in four states and wins at least four seats in the Lok Sabha is recognised as a national party.
Q25. When was Bahujan Samaj Party formed and under whose leadership?
Ans. Bahujan Samaj Party was formed in 1984 under the leadership of Kansi Ram.
Q26. Who are personalities from whom BSP draws inspiration?
Ans. BSP draws inspiration from the ideas and teachings of Sahu Maharaj, Mahatma Phule, Periyar Ramaswami Naicker and Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar.
Q27. What is the principal concern of Bahujan Samaj Party?
Ans. This party’s principal concern is to secure the interest and welfare of the dalits and oppressed people.
Q28. What is the chief objective of Communist Party of India – Marxist (CPI-M)?
Ans. The chief objective of CPI-M is to secure socio-economic justice in India.
Q29. Name the states where one can notice significant presence of Communist Party of India (CPI).
Ans. Kerala, West Bengal, Punjab, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.
Q30. Name any two challenges to political parties?
Ans. (i) Lack of internal democracy
(ii) Growing role of money and muscle power in parties, especially during elections.
Q31. What will happen if any MLA or MP changes parties?
Ans. He or she will lose the seat in the legislature.
Q32. What has the supreme court done to reduce the influence of money and criminals in politics?
Ans. The Supreme Court has made it mandatory for every candidate who contests elections to file affidavit giving details of his property and criminal cases pending against him/her.
Q33. How can people put pressure on political parties?
Ans. They can do this through petitions, publicity and agitations.
Q34. When is it difficult to reform politics?
Ans. It is difficult to reform politics if ordinary citizens do not take part in it and simply criticise it from the outside.