Here you will find Extra Questions for CBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries. Students are suggested to go through each and every question to score better marks in their exam.
Extra Questions for Manufacturing Industries
Very Short Answer Type Questions (VSA)
Q1. In which sector do manufacturing industries fall?
Ans. Manufacturing industries fall in the secondary sector.
Q2. How have the agro-industries in India given a major boost to agriculture?
Ans. The agro industries in India have given a major boost agriculture by raising its productivity.
Q3. Which sector is considered to be the backbone of development?
Ans. Manufacturing sector is considered to be the backbone of development.
Q4. How will our country be able to compete in the international market?
Ans. Our manufactured goods must be at par in the quality with those in the international market.
Q5. Why is iron and steel industry known as a heavy industry?
Ans. Iron and steel industry is known as a heavy industry because all the raw material as well as finished goods are heavy and bulky.
Q6. On what basis is the industrial sector classified into public and private sectors?
Ans. The industrial sector is classified into public and private sectors on the basis of ownerships of enterprises.
Q7. What is the objective of the National Manufacturing Competitiveness Council (NMCC)?
Ans. The objective of NMcc is to improve the productivity of the manufacturing sector.
Q8. Which is the key factor in the location of an industry?
Ans. The key factor in the location of an industry is availability of raw material.
Q9. What do you mean by agglomeration economics?
Ans. Cities provide markets and also provide services such as banking insurance, transport, etc. to the industry. Many industries tend to come together to make use of the advantages offered by the urban centers known as agglomeration economics.
Q10. Mention some of the manufactured products that you use in your daily life.
Ans. The manufactured products that we use in our daily life are electric bulbs, vegetable oil, petrol, glassware, cement, etc.
Q11. What do you mean by an agro-based industry? Give two examples.
Ans. The industry that gets its raw materials from agriculture is known as an agrobased industry. Examples – cotton, woollen.
Q12. Give some examples of minerals-based industries.
Ans. Examples of mineral based industries – iron and steel, cement, aluminium, petrochemicals.
Q13. What are called basic or key industries? Give examples.
Ans. Basic or key industries are those which supply their products or raw materials to manufacture other goods.
Examples – iron and steel industry, aluminium smelting industry.
Q14. Define small scale industry.
Ans. A small scale industry is one in which the maximum investment allowed is rupees one crore.
Q15. Define large scale industry.
Ans. A large scale industry is one in which the investment is more than one crore on an industry.
Q16. What is meant by public sector industry? Give examples.
Ans. Public sector industries are owned and operated by government agencies. Example – BHEL, SAIL, etc.
Q17. What are called private sector industries? Give examples.
Ans. Private sector industries are owned and operated by individuals or a group of individuals.
Examples – TISCO, Bajaj Auto Ltd., etc.
Q18. What are called joint sector industries? Give examples.
Ans. Joint sector industries are jointly managed (owned) by the state and individuals or a group of individuals.
Q19. What are called cooperative sector industries? Give examples.
Ans. Cooperative sector industries are owned and operated by the producers or suppliers of raw materials, workers or both. Examples – the sugar industry in Maharashtra, the coin industry in Kerala.
Q20. Explain light industry with examples.
Ans. Light industries use light raw materials and produce light goods. Examples – electrical industries.
Q21. Which is the only industry in India having self reliant positions?
Ans. Textile industry is the only industry in India which is self reliant.
Q22. How were cotton textiles produced in ancient India?
Ans. In ancient India, cotton textiles were produced with hand spinning and handloom weaving techniques.
Q23. What happened to our traditional industries during the colonial period?
Ans. Our traditional industries suffered a setback during the colonial period because they could not compete with the mill-make cloth from England.
Q24. How many cotton and human made fibre textile mills are there in India?
Ans. There are nearly 1600 cotton and human made fibre textile mills in India.
Q25. Name three states where spinning of yarn continues to be centralised.
Ans. Maharashtra, Gujarat and Tamil Nadu.
Q26. What is the position of India in the production of sugar in world?
Ans. India holds second position in the production of sugar.
Q27. Which value is associated with the hand-spun Khadi?
Ans. The hand-spun Khadi provides large scale employment to weavers in their homes as a cottage industry.
Q28. How many jute mills are there in India? Where are most of them located?
Ans. There are about 70 jute mills in India. Most of them are located in west Bengal, mainly along the banks of the High river, in a narrow belt.
Q29. Mention one challenge faced by the jute industry.
Ans. Stiff competition in the international market from synthetic substitutes and from other competitions like Bangladesh.
Q30. How many sugar mills are there in India? Where are they located?
Ans. There are over 460 super mills in India. They are located in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat along with Punjab, Haryana and Madhya Pradesh.
Q31. Name the industry which is seasonal in nature.
Ans. Sugar industry.
Q32. Define mineral based industries.
Ans. Industries that use minerals and metals as raw materials are called mineral based industries.
Q33. What is steel used for?
Ans. Steel is used for manufacturing a variety of engineering goods, construction material, defense, medical, telephone, scientific equipment and a variety of consumer goods.
Q34. What is regarded as the index of a country’s development?
Ans. Production and consumption of steel is regarded as the index of a country’s development.
Q35. Which region in India has the maximum concentration of iron and steel industries?
Ans. The Chhotanagpur plateau region has the maximum concentration of iron and steel industries.
Q36. Name all the seven states of India where aluminium smelting plants are located.
Ans. (i) Odisha
(ii) West Bengal
(iv) Uttar Pradesh
(vii) Tamil Nadu
Q37. Where are organic chemical plants located?
Ans. Organic chemical plants are located near oil refineries or petrochemical plants.
Q38. When and where was the first cement plant set up in India?
Ans. In India, the first cement plant was set up in Chennai in 1904.
Q39. What is the key to the success of IT Industry in India?
Ans. The continuing growth in the hardware and software is the key to success of IT industry in India.
Q40. What is NTPC?
Ans. NTPC i.e. National Thermal Power Corporation is a major power providing corporations in India.