Biology MCQs for NEET Chapter – The Living World

Here in this article, we are providing Biology MCQs for NEET. MCQ questions in NEET are designed to test the candidate’s knowledge, understanding, and application of concepts related to biology, physics, and chemistry. These questions require students to analyze the given information and choose the most appropriate answer from the list of options provided.

Here we are providing Biology MCQs for NEET Chapter- The Living World.

Biology MCQs for NEET

Biology MCQs for NEET Chapter – The Living World

Q.1. The common characteristics between brinjal and wheat can be observed maximum at the level of their.
(a) Division
(b) Phylum
(c) Kingdom
(d) Both (b) and (c)

Show Answer Answer: (a) The common characteristics between brinjal and wheat can be observed maximum at the level of their division.

Q.2. The main objective of plant taxonomy is
(a) to study the world’s flora
(b) to provide a method for identification and nomenclature
(c) to provide Latin ‘scientific’ names for every group of plants in the world
(d) all of these

Show Answer Answer: (d)

Q.3. Study of number of chromosomes for resolving difficulties in classification is used in
(a) Chemotaxonomy
(b) Morphotaxonomy
(c) Cytotaxonomy
(d) Biochemical taxonomy

Show Answer Answer: (c) Cytotaxonomy is the study of chromosome number, size and behaviour.

Q.4. Arrange the following taxonomic categories in increasing number of common characteristics w.r.t. plant mango
A. Dicotyledonae
B. Polymoniales
C. Mangifera
D. Angiospermae
E. Anacardiaceae
(a) A → D → B → E → C
(b) A → D → C → B → E
(c) D → A → B → E → C
(d) D → A → C → E → B

Show Answer Answer: (c)

Q.5. Most names in biological nomenclature of living organisms are taken from which language?
(a) Hindi
(b) Latin
(c) German
(d) French

Show Answer Answer: (b) The original scientific names were taken from Latin and Greek languages. New names are now derived either from Latin language or are latinised. This is because Latin language is dead and therefore, it will not change in the form or spellings with the passage of time.

Q.6. Which one of the following has least similar characters?
(a) Family
(b) Class
(c) Genus
(d) Species

Show Answer Answer: (b) The number of similar characters of categories decreases from lowest rank to highest rank in a taxonomic hierarchy. Out of the given categories i.e., family, class, genus and species, the class being the highest category possesses the least similar characters.

Q.7. The ascending or descending arrangement of taxonomic categories is called as
(a) classification
(b) taxonomy
(c) hierarchy
(d) key

Show Answer Answer: (c) Hierarchy of categories is the classification of organisms in a definite sequence of categories (taxonomic categories) in a descending order starting from kingdom and reaching upto species or an ascending order from species to kingdom. The number of similar characters of categories decreases from lowest rank (species) to highest rank (kingdom). The taxonomic hierarchy includes seven obligate categories-kingdom, division or phylum, class, order, family, genus and species. Some subcategories like tribe, subfamily, subspecies are also used whenever required.

Q.8. The living organisms can be unexceptionally distinguished from the non-living things on the basis of their ability for
(a) interaction with the environment and progressive evolution
(b) reproduction
(c) growth and movement
(d) responsiveness to touch.

Show Answer Answer: (b) There are several factors and processes which differentiate living beings with non-living beings like reproduction, respiration, growth, etc. But among them reproduction is the only characteristic which differentiates without any exception, living being from non-living beings.

Q.9. Which one of the following animals is correctly matched with its particular named taxonomic category?
(a) Tiger – tigris, the species
(b) Cuttle fish – mollusca, a class
(c) Humans – primata, the family
(d) Housefly – musca, an order

Show Answer Answer: (a) Panthera tigris is the scientific name of tiger.

Q.10. Taxonomic hierarchy refers to
(a) Step-wise arrangement of all categories for classification of plants and animals
(b) A group of senior taxonomists who decide the nomenclature of plants and animals
(c) A list of botanists or zoologists who have worked on taxonomy of a species or group

(d) Classification of a species based on fossil record

Show Answer Answer: (a)

Q.11. Choose correct scientific name of mango.
(a) Mangifera Indica
(b) Mangifera indica Linn
(c) Mangifera indica Hook.
(d) Mangifera indica L

Show Answer Answer: (b)

Q.12. Select the false statement
(a) Carolus Linnaeus described plants and classified them on the basis of their sexual parts
(b) Some facts established by accurate and repeated observations do not require further verification
(c) Study of the vestigeal organs is called teleology
(d) ‘White Revolution’ resulted in enhanced production of milk

Show Answer Answer: (c) Teleology is the unscientific explanation of phenomena, while study of vestigeal organs is known as dysteleology.

Q.13. Animal taxonomists have named the animals according to:
(a) International class for Zoology Nomenclature
(b) Indian code for Zoology Nomenclature
(c) International classification for Zoological Nomenclature
(d) International code for Zoological Nomenclature

Show Answer Answer: (d) International code for Zoological Nomenclature is responsible for setting rules for naming of animals and resolution of nomenclature problems.

Q.14. Species is :
(a) population of individuals having same genotypes and phenotypes
(b) a group of individuals inhabiting a geographical area
(c) a group of interbreeding populations
(d) population of one type

Show Answer Answer: (c) The biological species concept was formulated by Theodosium Dobzhansky and Ernst Mayr. According to this concept “A species is a reproductive community of populations whose members can interbreed with each other but not with the members of other species.

Q.15. Species are considered as
(a) Real units of classification devised by taxonomists
(b) Real basic units of classification
(c) The lowest units of classification
(d) Artificial concept of human mind which cannot be defined in absolute terms

Show Answer Answer: (c) Species is the lowest or basic taxonomic category comprising of one or more natural population of individuals that interbreed freely.

Q.16. Which of the following statement is not true?
(a) Homeostasis is a fundamental property of life
(b) When the external temperature is warm, the superficial blood vessels constrict to prevent loss of body heat
(c) Human beings are endothermic
(d) Human beings are homeothermic

Show Answer Answer: (b) When external temperature is warm, the superficial blood vessels dilate to lose the body heat.

Q.17. Linneaus system of classification is :
(a) Natural
(b) Artificial
(c) Phylogenetic
(d) Progressive

Show Answer Answer: (b) Carolus Linnaeus system of classification is artificial.

Q.18. The usage of binomial names, for plant species was accepted by all after the publication of the work by:
(a) Hooker
(b) Linnaeus
(c) Bentham
(d) Darwin

Show Answer Answer: (b) Carolus Von Linnaeus in his book Genera Plantanum made use of the artificial system of classification. He distinguished between the natural and artificial systems. He used the binomial nomenclature system and classified organisms into genius and species.

Q.19. Which of the following is less general in characters as compared to genus ?
(a) Species
(b) Division
(c) Class
(d) Family

Show Answer Answer: (a) Species is the lowest taxonomic category. Class is a category made of one or more related orders possessing similar correlated characters, Family is composed of one to many related genera. Division comprises of several related classes.

Q.20. A taxon with reference to classification of living organisms can be defined as
(a) a group of similar genera
(b) a group of similar species
(c) a group of organisms based on chromosome numbers
(d) a group of any one rank of organisms

Show Answer Answer: (d) Taxon is a grouping of organisms of any level in hierarchy of classification based on some common characteristic.

Importance of Practicing MCQ Questions for NEET Biology

Practicing Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) is an important part of preparing for the NEET Biology exam. Here are some reasons why practicing MCQs is essential for NEET Biology preparation:

  1. Enhances knowledge retention: MCQs require you to recall information, which helps improve your memory and knowledge retention.
  2. Increases speed and accuracy: Regular practice of MCQs helps you become faster and more accurate in answering questions, which is essential for the NEET Biology exam.
  3. Familiarizes with the exam pattern: Practicing MCQs gives you an idea of the type of questions that can be asked in the exam, helping you prepare better.
  4. Improves test-taking skills: MCQs require you to analyze information and choose the best answer from a given set of options. This helps improve your test-taking skills.
  5. Helps identify knowledge gaps: Practicing MCQs can help you identify areas where you need to improve your understanding or clarify your concepts.
  6. Boosts confidence: Regular practice of MCQs can help boost your confidence, making you feel more prepared and less anxious about the exam.

Therefore, it is important to practice MCQs as part of your NEET Biology exam preparation to increase your chances of success.

Best Ways to Prepare for NEET Biology

Preparing for NEET biology requires a combination of a strong foundation in fundamental concepts and consistent practice. Here are some tips on how to prepare for NEET biology:

  1. Understand the Syllabus: NEET biology syllabus covers a vast range of topics, so it’s essential to have a clear understanding of the syllabus. Refer to the NEET biology syllabus and mark the topics that you need to focus on.
  2. Strengthen the Fundamentals: NEET biology tests your understanding of basic concepts, so it’s crucial to have a strong foundation in fundamental concepts. Start with the basics and build on them. Use textbooks and other study materials to revise the basics.
  3. Practice Diagrams: Biology has a lot of diagrams that need to be labeled and explained. Practice drawing and labeling diagrams regularly to ensure that you are comfortable with it.
  4. Practice MCQs: NEET biology consists mainly of multiple-choice questions (MCQs). Practice MCQs regularly to improve your speed and accuracy.
  5. Take Mock Tests: Take mock tests regularly to get an idea of the exam pattern, time management, and to identify your strengths and weaknesses. Analyze your performance in the mock tests and work on improving your weak areas.
  6. Revision: Revision is crucial to retain what you have studied. Set aside time for regular revision and ensure that you revise all the topics at least once.
  7. Stay Motivated: NEET biology requires consistent effort and hard work. Stay motivated and focused on your goals and maintain a positive attitude towards your preparation.

So, preparing for NEET biology requires a combination of strong fundamentals, consistent practice, and regular revision. With proper planning and dedicated effort, you can score well in NEET biology.

Chapters Covered in NEET Biology

NEET Biology covers a vast range of topics from both Botany and Zoology. The NEET Biology syllabus is divided into two parts – Class 11 and Class 12. Here is an overview of the chapters covered in NEET Biology:

Class 11 Biology:

  1. The Living World
  2. Biological Classification
  3. Plant Kingdom
  4. Animal Kingdom
  5. Morphology of Flowering Plants
  6. Anatomy of Flowering Plants
  7. Structural Organisation in Animals
  8. Cell: The Unit of Life
  9. Biomolecules
  10. Cell Cycle and Cell Division
  11. Transport in Plants
  12. Mineral Nutrition
  13. Photosynthesis in Higher Plants
  14. Respiration in Plants
  15. Plant Growth and Development

Class 12 Biology:

  1. Reproduction in Organisms
  2. Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
  3. Human Reproduction
  4. Reproductive Health
  5. Principles of Inheritance and Variation
  6. Molecular Basis of Inheritance
  7. Evolution
  8. Human Health and Disease
  9. Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production
  10. Microbes in Human Welfare
  11. Biotechnology: Principles and Processes
  12. Biotechnology and its Applications
  13. Organisms and Populations
  14. Ecosystem
  15. Biodiversity and Conservation
  16. Environmental Issues

The NEET Biology syllabus covers a diverse range of topics, and it is essential to have a clear understanding of each topic to score well in the exam. It is recommended to refer to the NCERT textbooks and other standard reference books for NEET Biology preparation.

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