Biology MCQs for NEET Chapter – Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants

Here in this article, we are providing MCQs for NEET Biology Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants. MCQ questions in NEET are designed to test the candidate’s knowledge, understanding, and application of concepts related to biology, physics, and chemistry. These questions require students to analyze the given information and choose the most appropriate answer from the list of options provided.

Here we are providing Biology MCQs for NEET Chapter- Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants.

Biology MCQs for NEET Chapter – Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants

Q.1. One of the most resistant biological material is
(a) lignin
(b) hemicellulose
(c) lignocellulose
(d) sporopollenin

Answer Answer:
(d) Each pollen has two layered wall. The outer layer is thick, tough, cuticularised called exine which is composed of a material called “sporopollenin”. It is highly resistant to biological and physical decomposition, due to which pollens are preserved for a long time in fossils.

Q.2. Female gametophyte of angiosperms is represented by
(a) Ovule
(b) Megaspore mother cell
(c) Embryo sac
(d) Nucellus

Answer Answer:
(c) Embryo sac is 7-celled structure. There is a large central cell with two polar nuclei, egg apparatus with egg cell and 2 synergids present at micropylar end and its chalazal end, 3 antipodal cells are present.

Q.3. When funiculum, chalaza, and micropyle lie in one straight line, then ovule is called –
(a) Amphitropous
(b) Orthotropous
(c) Campylotropous
(d) Anatropous

Answer Answer:

Q.4. Which of the following pair has haploid structures?
(a) Nucellus and antipodal cells
(b) Antipodal cells and egg cell
(c) Antipodal cells and megaspore mother cell
(d) Nucellus and primary endosperm nucleus

Answer Answer:

Q.5. Polyembryony commonly occurs in
(a) citrus
(b) turmeric
(c) tomato
(d) potato

Answer Answer:

Q.6. Which one of the following is a fruit ?
(a) Ginger
(b) Sweet potato
(c) Radish
(d) Lady’s finger

Answer Answer:

Q.7. Chasmogamy refers to the condition where –
(a) Flowers remains closed
(b) Flowers are absent
(c) Flowers open
(d) Flowers gamopetalous

Answer Answer:

Q.8. Entry of pollen tube through micropyle is
(a) Chalazogamy
(b) Mesogamy
(c) Porogamy
(d) Pseudogamy

Answer Answer:
(c) In porogamy the tip of pollen tube enters the micropyle, pushes through the nucellar tissue & finally pierces the eggapparatus end of the embryo sac. If pollen tube enters through the chalazal side it is called chalazogamy & if it enters laterally it is called mesogamy.

Q.9. Dry indehiscent single-seeded fruit formed from bicarpellary syncarpous inferior ovary is
(a) Caryopsis
(b) Cypsela
(c) Berry
(d) Cremocarp

Answer Answer:
(b) Dry indehiscent single-seeded fruit formed from bicarpellary syncarpous inferior ovary is cypsela. Cypsela is also called inferior, false or pseudocarpic achene, the thin fruit wall (developed from pericarp and thalamus)is attached to the seed at one point but the fruits develops from an inferior, unilocular and uniovuled ovary, e.g., sunflower, marigold. Some cypsela develop pappus for dispersal e.g. Sonchus, Taraxacum.

Q.10. In oogamy, fertilization involves
(a) a small non-motile female gamete and a large motile male gamete
(b) a large non-motile female gamete and a small motile male gamete
(c) a large non-motile female gamete and a small nonmotile male gamete
(d) a large motile female gamete and a small non-motile male gamete

Answer Answer:
(b) In oogamy male and female gametes are morphologically as well as physiologically different. Female gametes are large and non-motile. Male gametes are small but motile.

Q.11. Cotyledons and testa respectively are edible parts in
(a) walnut and tamarind
(b) french bean and coconut
(c) cashew nut and litchi
(d) groundnut and pomegranate

Answer Answer:

Q.12. Select the mismatched pair.
(a) Microsporangium — Pollen sac
(b) Megasporangium — Nucellus
(c) Pollen grain — Male gamete
(d) Embryo sac — Female gametophyte

Answer Answer:

Q.13. A Polygonum type of embryo sac is
(a) 7-celled and 8-nucleate
(b) 8-celled and 7-nucleate
(c) 7-celled and 7-nucleate
(d) 8-celled and 8-nucleate

Answer Answer:

Q.14. A typical angiospermous ovule is attached to the placenta by means of a stalk called X. Body of the ovule fuses with X in the region called Y. Identify X and Y.
X | Y
(a) Funicle Hilum
(b) Hilum Funicle
(c) Funicle Micropyle
(d) Hilum Chalaza

Answer Answer:

Q.15. Unisexuality of flowers prevants
(a) autogamy, but not geitonogamy
(b) both geitonogamy and xenogamy
(c) geitonogamy, but not xenogamy
(d) autogamy and geitonogamy

Answer Answer:
(a) Unisexuality of flowers prevents autogamy, but not geitonogamy. In self fertilisation , the male and female gametes are derived from the same individual. Among plants, self fertilization also called autogamy is common in many cultivated species, eg., wheat and oats. However, self fertilization is a form of inbreeding and does not allow for the mixing of genetic material; if it occurs over a number of generations it will result in offspring being less vigorous and productive than those resulting from cross fertilization.

Q.16. Which one of the following represents an ovule, where the embryo sac becomes horse-shoe shaped and the funiculus and micropyle are close to each other?
(a) Amphitropous
(b) Circinotropous
(c) Atropous
(d) Anotropous

Answer Answer:
(a) Amphitropous : Both body of ovule and embryo sac are curved. The embryo sac assumes horse-shoe shape. e.g. Papaveraceae.

Q.17. If an angiospermic male plant is diploid and female plant tetraploid, the ploidy level of endosperm will be
(a) haploid
(b) triploid
(c) tetraploid
(d) pentaploid

Answer Answer:

Q.18. Which of the following options is correct?
(a) Transfer of pollen grains from the anther to the stigma of the same flower – Autogamy.
(b) Transfer of pollen grains from the anther of one flower to the stigma of another flower of same plant – Geitonogamy.
(c) Transfer of pollen grains from the anther to the stigma of a genetically different plant – Xenogamy.
(d) All of these

Answer Answer:

Q.19. These plants flower and fruit only once in their life time and die after fruiting. These are
(a) monocarpic plants
(b) polycarpic plants
(c) vegetative plants
(d) reproductive plants

Answer Answer:
(a) Monocarpic plants are the plants in which flowers and fruits are formed only once after vegetative growth of several years e.g., some bamboos, Agave, etc.

Q.20. Which of the following is not a water pollinated plant?
(a) Zostera
(b) Vallisneria
(c) Hydrilla
(d) Cannabis

Answer Answer:

Q.21. In dicot embryo the radicle is formed by
(a) epibasal tier of embryo
(b) hypobasal tier of embryo
(c) hypophysis of suspensor
(d) terminal cell of suspensor

Answer Answer:

Q.22. A drupe develops in
(a) mango
(b) wheat
(c) pea
(d) tomato

Answer Answer:
(a) Some fleshy fruits such as mango, plum etc. usually have a single hard stone that encloses a seed, called drupe.

Q.23. The parenchyma tissue which forms the bulk of ovule where the sporogenous tissue is produced is –
(a) Megaspore mother cell
(b) Nucellus
(c) Ovule
(d) Embryo sac

Answer Answer:

Q.24. When pollen grains are not transferred from anthers to stigma in a flower, due to the barrier, it is called
(a) herkogamy
(b) heterogamy
(c) cleistogamy
(d) dichogamy

Answer Answer:

Importance of Practicing MCQ Questions for NEET Biology

Practicing Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) is an important part of preparing for the NEET Biology exam. Here are some reasons why practicing MCQs is essential for NEET Biology preparation:

  1. Enhances knowledge retention: MCQs require you to recall information, which helps improve your memory and knowledge retention.
  2. Increases speed and accuracy: Regular practice of MCQs helps you become faster and more accurate in answering questions, which is essential for the NEET Biology exam.
  3. Familiarizes with the exam pattern: Practicing MCQs gives you an idea of the type of questions that can be asked in the exam, helping you prepare better.
  4. Improves test-taking skills: MCQs require you to analyze information and choose the best answer from a given set of options. This helps improve your test-taking skills.
  5. Helps identify knowledge gaps: Practicing MCQs can help you identify areas where you need to improve your understanding or clarify your concepts.
  6. Boosts confidence: Regular practice of MCQs can help boost your confidence, making you feel more prepared and less anxious about the exam.

Therefore, it is important to practice MCQs as part of your NEET Biology exam preparation to increase your chances of success.

Best Ways to Prepare for NEET Biology

Preparing for NEET biology requires a combination of a strong foundation in fundamental concepts and consistent practice. Here are some tips on how to prepare for NEET biology:

  1. Understand the Syllabus: NEET biology syllabus covers a vast range of topics, so it’s essential to have a clear understanding of the syllabus. Refer to the NEET biology syllabus and mark the topics that you need to focus on.
  2. Strengthen the Fundamentals: NEET biology tests your understanding of basic concepts, so it’s crucial to have a strong foundation in fundamental concepts. Start with the basics and build on them. Use textbooks and other study materials to revise the basics.
  3. Practice Diagrams: Biology has a lot of diagrams that need to be labeled and explained. Practice drawing and labeling diagrams regularly to ensure that you are comfortable with it.
  4. Practice MCQs: NEET biology consists mainly of multiple-choice questions (MCQs). Practice MCQs regularly to improve your speed and accuracy.
  5. Take Mock Tests: Take mock tests regularly to get an idea of the exam pattern, time management, and to identify your strengths and weaknesses. Analyze your performance in the mock tests and work on improving your weak areas.
  6. Revision: Revision is crucial to retain what you have studied. Set aside time for regular revision and ensure that you revise all the topics at least once.
  7. Stay Motivated: NEET biology requires consistent effort and hard work. Stay motivated and focused on your goals and maintain a positive attitude towards your preparation.

So, preparing for NEET biology requires a combination of strong fundamentals, consistent practice, and regular revision. With proper planning and dedicated effort, you can score well in NEET biology.

Chapters Covered in NEET Biology

NEET Biology covers a vast range of topics from both Botany and Zoology. The NEET Biology syllabus is divided into two parts – Class 11 and Class 12. Here is an overview of the chapters covered in NEET Biology:

Class 11 Biology:

  1. The Living World
  2. Biological Classification
  3. Plant Kingdom
  4. Animal Kingdom
  5. Morphology of Flowering Plants
  6. Anatomy of Flowering Plants
  7. Structural Organisation in Animals
  8. Cell: The Unit of Life
  9. Biomolecules
  10. Cell Cycle and Cell Division
  11. Transport in Plants
  12. Mineral Nutrition
  13. Photosynthesis in Higher Plants
  14. Respiration in Plants
  15. Plant Growth and Development

Class 12 Biology:

  1. Reproduction in Organisms
  2. Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
  3. Human Reproduction
  4. Reproductive Health
  5. Principles of Inheritance and Variation
  6. Molecular Basis of Inheritance
  7. Evolution
  8. Human Health and Disease
  9. Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production
  10. Microbes in Human Welfare
  11. Biotechnology: Principles and Processes
  12. Biotechnology and its Applications
  13. Organisms and Populations
  14. Ecosystem
  15. Biodiversity and Conservation
  16. Environmental Issues

The NEET Biology syllabus covers a diverse range of topics, and it is essential to have a clear understanding of each topic to score well in the exam. It is recommended to refer to the NCERT textbooks and other standard reference books for NEET Biology preparation.

Leave a comment