Biology MCQs for NEET Chapter –Reproduction in Organism

Here in this article, we are providing MCQs for NEET Biology Reproduction in Organism. MCQ questions in NEET are designed to test the candidate’s knowledge, understanding, and application of concepts related to biology, physics, and chemistry. These questions require students to analyze the given information and choose the most appropriate answer from the list of options provided.

Here we are providing Biology MCQs for NEET Chapter- Reproduction in Organism.

Biology MCQs for NEET Chapter – Reproduction in Organism

Q.1. A population of genetically identical individuals, obtained from asexual reproduction is
(a) Callus
(b) Clone
(c) Deme
(d) Aggregate

Answer (b) Cloning is a technique by which genetically same individuals can be produced without including any sexual reproduction eg. Dolly sheep.

Q.2. Retention of larval characters even after sexual maturity is called
(a) Parthenogenesis
(b) Ontogenesis
(c) Paedogenesis
(d) Neoteny

Answer (d)

Q.3. Natural parthenogenesis occurs in:
(a) Protozoans
(b) Earthworm
(c) All insects
(d) Honeybee

Answer (d)

Q.4. Which one of the following is not a method of vegetative propagation?
(a) Budding
(b) Layering
(c) Sowing
(d) Tissue culture

Answer (c)

Q.5. Asexual reproduction is an effective strategy in stable environments because
(a) gametogenesis is most efficient under these conditions.
(b) the offspring, genetically identical to their parents, are preadapted to the environment.
(c) asexual parthenogenesis produces a large amount of genetic diversity.
(d) animal cells tend to be more totipotent under stable conditions.

Answer (b) The parents that have survived to reproduce asexually are able to survive in the current stable environment. Therefore, the offspring should be preadapted for this stable environment.

Q.6. All the ‘eyes’ of a potato tuber are taken out and it is sown in the ground normally. New plants will
(a) Not emerge
(b) Emerge normally
(c) Be weaker
(d) Be healthier

Answer (a) Buds in ‘eyes’ form new plants.

Q.7. Basal half of an onion bulb is removed and upper half is sown in the ground. New plant will
(a) Emerge normally
(b) Not emerge
(c) Be without leaves
(d) Be without flowers

Answer (b) Bud giving rise to new plant is present towards base.

Q.8. A small portion of cane-sugar stem between the two successive nodes is cut off and sown in the soil normally. New plants will
(a) Be formed normally
(b) Not be formed
(c) Be without juice
(d) Without nodes

Answer (b) New plants in cane-sugar are formed from nodes which are absent.

Q.9. A cutting of rose plant is thoroughly waxed and planted in the soil normally, It will form
(a) New rose plant
(b) A dead piece of rose stem after some time
(c) A rose plant of improved variety
(d) None of these

Answer (b) Water absorption & gaseous exchange stop due to presence of wax

Q.10. When an ovary develops into a fruit, without fertilization, it is called
(a) apospory
(b) apogamy
(c) parthenocarpy
(d) porogamy

Answer (c) Parthenocarpy is the development of a fruit without the formation of seeds as a result of lack of pollination, lack of fertilization and lack of development. This condition can be artificially induced by application of hormones.

Q.11. Asexual reproduction is the best strategy for plants
(a) that are well adapted to their stable environment.
(b) as winter approaches
(c) when new genes must be introduced
(d) that have underground stems.

Answer (a)

Q.12. Consider the following statements and choose the correct option.
(i) The genetic constitution of a plant is unaffected in vegetative propagation.
(ii) Rhizome in ginger serves as an organ of vegetative reproduction.
(iii) Totipotency of cells enables us to micropropagate plants.
(a) Statements (i) and (ii) alone are true
(a) Statements (ii) and (iii) alone are true
(c) Statement (ii) alone is true
(d) All the three statements (i), (ii) and (iii) are true

Answer (d)

Q.13. Plants identical to mother plants can be obtained from
(a) seeds
(b) stem cutting
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) None of these

Answer (b)

Q.14. Bamboo reproduces by
(a) rhizomes
(b) tubers
(c) corms
(d) stolons

Answer (a)

Q.15. Ploidy of ovary, anther, egg, pollen, male gamete and zygote are respectively-
(a) 2n, 2n, n, 2n, n, 2n
(b) 2n, 2n, n, n, n, 2n
(c) 2n, n, n, n, n, n
(d) 2n, 2n, n, 2n, 2n, 2n

Answer (b)

Q.16. If you compared the genetic makeup of an animal produced by parthenogenesis with that of its mother, which of the following would you expect?
(a) About 100 percent genetic similarity
(b) About 50 percent genetic similarity
(c) No genetic similarity
(d) Parthenogenetic animals have no mother

Answer (a) Species that exhibit parthenogenesis develop from unfertilized eggs produced by the mother. Therefore, the genetic make-up should be 100 percent the same as the mother. environment.

Q.17. Which of the following statements about animals that utilize external fertilization is false?
(a) They are divided equally between terrestrial and aquatic species.
(b) Many produce large numbers of gametes to ensure successful reproduction.
(c) The behaviours associated with mating are often highly synchronized.
(d) The probability of any one egg being fertilized and developing into an adult can be low.

Answer (a) Since external fertilization can only take place in an aquatic habitat, there are no terrestrial animals that use it.

Q.18. Which of the following statements about animal reproduction is false ?
(a) Species that reproduce sexually cannot also reproduce asexually.
(b) Viviparity, but not ovoviviparity, is common in mammals.
(c) Male insects can remove spermatophores deposited in a female by other males.
(d) Oogenesis and spermatogenesis both occur in simultaneous hermaphrodites.

Answer (a) Many animals reproduce both by asexual and sexual means.

Q.19. Which of the following animals qualifies as a sexually reproducing, oviparous species ?
(a) Human
(b) Chicken
(c) Kangaroo
(d) Sea star

Answer (b) All these animals can reproduce sexually. However, only the chicken lays an external egg.

Q.20. What is necessary for successful grafting to occur?
(a) Each section must be able to form roots.
(b) The grafted section must be able to form seeds.
(c) Fusion of the two vascular tissues must occur.
(d) Fusion of the two cambial tissues must occur.

Answer (d)

Q.21. Benefits of asexual reproduction include all of the following except
(a) it often allows for the production of many more offspring at the same time
(b) it is advantageous in changing environments in which population variety is the key to successful propagation of a species
(c) it is easier in certain environments to have offspring without searching for a mate
(d) allowing the conservation of resources otherwise allocated to finding mates and performing ritualized courtship.

Answer (b) All of these statements concerning asexual reproduction are correct, except that asexual reproduction is best in favorable, stable environments, ones that don’t change rapidly. The reason for this is that asexual reproduction, in contrast to its sexual counterpart, results in the formation of identical offspring. Although asexual organisms can often produce many more offspring in a single reproductive event than sexual organisms, these asexually produced young do not usually have the genetic variation caused by meiosis and crossingover to be able to survive a rapidly changing environment or times of environmental stress.

Q.22. Grafting is an example of asexual reproduction. Which of the following choices is an example of asexual reproduction involving nonvegetative parts of a plant?
(a) Apomixis
(b) Production of corms
(c) Production of bulbs
(d) Production of rhizomes

Answer (a)

Q.23. The parameter(s) of senescence or old age is/are-
(a) End of the reproductive phase
(b) Concomitant change in body (like slowing metabolism)
(c) Failure of metabolism decreases
(d) Both (a) and (b)

Answer (d)

Q.24. Banana fruits are seedless, because
(a) auxins are sprayed for rapid development of fruit.
(b) vegetative propagation of plant.
(c) they are triploid plants.
(d) fruits are artificially ripened.

Answer (c) Most of banana varieties are triploid and triploidy is associated with seedlessness.

Q.25. Offsprings of oviparous animals are at greater risk as compared to offsprings of viviparous animals because-
(a) Proper embryonic care and protection is lesser
(b) Embryo is not developed
(c) Progenies are with more variation
(d) Progenies are larger

Answer (a)

Importance of Practicing MCQ Questions for NEET Biology

Practicing Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) is an important part of preparing for the NEET Biology exam. Here are some reasons why practicing MCQs is essential for NEET Biology preparation:

  1. Enhances knowledge retention: MCQs require you to recall information, which helps improve your memory and knowledge retention.
  2. Increases speed and accuracy: Regular practice of MCQs helps you become faster and more accurate in answering questions, which is essential for the NEET Biology exam.
  3. Familiarizes with the exam pattern: Practicing MCQs gives you an idea of the type of questions that can be asked in the exam, helping you prepare better.
  4. Improves test-taking skills: MCQs require you to analyze information and choose the best answer from a given set of options. This helps improve your test-taking skills.
  5. Helps identify knowledge gaps: Practicing MCQs can help you identify areas where you need to improve your understanding or clarify your concepts.
  6. Boosts confidence: Regular practice of MCQs can help boost your confidence, making you feel more prepared and less anxious about the exam.

Therefore, it is important to practice MCQs as part of your NEET Biology exam preparation to increase your chances of success.

Best Ways to Prepare for NEET Biology

Preparing for NEET biology requires a combination of a strong foundation in fundamental concepts and consistent practice. Here are some tips on how to prepare for NEET biology:

  1. Understand the Syllabus: NEET biology syllabus covers a vast range of topics, so it’s essential to have a clear understanding of the syllabus. Refer to the NEET biology syllabus and mark the topics that you need to focus on.
  2. Strengthen the Fundamentals: NEET biology tests your understanding of basic concepts, so it’s crucial to have a strong foundation in fundamental concepts. Start with the basics and build on them. Use textbooks and other study materials to revise the basics.
  3. Practice Diagrams: Biology has a lot of diagrams that need to be labeled and explained. Practice drawing and labeling diagrams regularly to ensure that you are comfortable with it.
  4. Practice MCQs: NEET biology consists mainly of multiple-choice questions (MCQs). Practice MCQs regularly to improve your speed and accuracy.
  5. Take Mock Tests: Take mock tests regularly to get an idea of the exam pattern, time management, and to identify your strengths and weaknesses. Analyze your performance in the mock tests and work on improving your weak areas.
  6. Revision: Revision is crucial to retain what you have studied. Set aside time for regular revision and ensure that you revise all the topics at least once.
  7. Stay Motivated: NEET biology requires consistent effort and hard work. Stay motivated and focused on your goals and maintain a positive attitude towards your preparation.

So, preparing for NEET biology requires a combination of strong fundamentals, consistent practice, and regular revision. With proper planning and dedicated effort, you can score well in NEET biology.

Chapters Covered in NEET Biology

NEET Biology covers a vast range of topics from both Botany and Zoology. The NEET Biology syllabus is divided into two parts – Class 11 and Class 12. Here is an overview of the chapters covered in NEET Biology:

Class 11 Biology:

  1. The Living World
  2. Biological Classification
  3. Plant Kingdom
  4. Animal Kingdom
  5. Morphology of Flowering Plants
  6. Anatomy of Flowering Plants
  7. Structural Organisation in Animals
  8. Cell: The Unit of Life
  9. Biomolecules
  10. Cell Cycle and Cell Division
  11. Transport in Plants
  12. Mineral Nutrition
  13. Photosynthesis in Higher Plants
  14. Respiration in Plants
  15. Plant Growth and Development

Class 12 Biology:

  1. Reproduction in Organisms
  2. Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
  3. Human Reproduction
  4. Reproductive Health
  5. Principles of Inheritance and Variation
  6. Molecular Basis of Inheritance
  7. Evolution
  8. Human Health and Disease
  9. Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production
  10. Microbes in Human Welfare
  11. Biotechnology: Principles and Processes
  12. Biotechnology and its Applications
  13. Organisms and Populations
  14. Ecosystem
  15. Biodiversity and Conservation
  16. Environmental Issues

The NEET Biology syllabus covers a diverse range of topics, and it is essential to have a clear understanding of each topic to score well in the exam. It is recommended to refer to the NCERT textbooks and other standard reference books for NEET Biology preparation.

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