Biology MCQs for NEET Chapter – Plant Kingdom

Here in this article, we are providing Biology MCQs for NEET. MCQ questions in NEET are designed to test the candidate’s knowledge, understanding, and application of concepts related to biology, physics, and chemistry. These questions require students to analyze the given information and choose the most appropriate answer from the list of options provided.

Here we are providing Biology MCQs for NEET Chapter- Plant Kingdom.

Biology MCQs for NEET Chapter – Plant Kingdom

Q.1. Pteridophytes differ from mosses/bryophytes in possessing
(a) independent gametophyte
(b) well developed vascular system
(c) archegonia structure
(d) flagellate spermatozoids

Answer: (b) Well developed vascular system is present in the members of pteridophytes but absent in mosses as the plant body is sporophyte which is distinguished into true root, stem and leaves.

Q.2. Floridean starch is found in
(a) Chlorophyceae
(b) Rhodophyceae
(c) Phaeophyceae
(d) Cyanophyceae

Answer: (b) Reserve food in red algae (Rhodophyceae) is floridean starch. In green algae (Chlorophyceae), reserve food is starch. In brown algae Phaeophyceae, reserve food is laminarin and mannitol. In Cyanophyceae, reserve food is cyanophycean starch.

Q.3. Peat moss is another name of
(a) Sphagnum
(b) Marchantia
(c) Riccia
(d) Dryopteris

Answer: (a) Peat moss is another name for Sphagnum. It is also known as famine food in China.

Q.4. Most plants are green in colour because
(a) the atmosphere filters out all the colours of the visible light spectrum except green.
(b) green light is the most effective wavelength region of the visible spectrum in sunlight for photosynthesis.
(c) chlorophyll is least effective in absorbing green light.
(d) green light allows maximum photosynthesis.

Answer: (c) The leaves appear green because of the pigment chlorophyll which does not absorb green light rather reflects it back.

Q.5. The largest flower found is known as
(a) Rafflesia
(b) Tecoma
(c) Musa
(d) Cauliflower

Answer: (a) Rafflesia or Corpse flower is a total root parasite. It obtains the total nourishment from the root of the host plant. Its flowers only come out of the host plant, and they have a diameter of 1 m and weight around 10 kg.

Q.6. In Chlorophyceae, sexual reproduction occurs by
(a) isogamy and anisogamy
(b) isogamy, anisogamy and oogamy
(c) oogamy only
(d) anisogamy and oogamy

Answer: (b) In chlorophyceae, sexual reproduction takes place by all the three processes:
Isogamy – fusion of morphologically and physiologically similar gametes.
Anisogamy – morphologically similar but physiologically dissimilar gametes.
Oogamy – fusing gametes are dissimilar in all respect.

Q.7. A water fern which is used as a green manure in rice fields is
(a) Salvinia
(b) Mucor
(c) Aspergillus
(d) Azolla

Answer: (d) Azolla has been used as a green manure crop in Vietnam and China for centuries. The ability of Azolla to shade out weeds in wetland rice and taro has been noted by farmers and researchers since the early 20th century.

Q.8. In fern, spores are formed in
(a) sporangium
(b) oogonium
(c) archegonium
(d) stomium

Answer: (a)

Q.9. Laminaria (kelp) and Fucus (rock weed) are the examples of
(a) red algae
(b) brown algae
(c) green algae
(d) golden brown algae

Answer: (b) Laminaria (kelp) and Fucus (rock weed) are marine algae. They are the members of class- phaeophyceae (brown) algae.

Q.10. Consider the following statements regarding the major pigments and stored food in the different groups of algae and choose the correct option.
(i) In Chlorophyceae, the stored food material is starch and the major pigments are chlorophyll-a and d.
(ii) In Phaeophyceae, laminarin is the stored food and major pigments are chlorophyll-a and b.
(iii) In Rhodophyceae, floridean starch is the stored food and the major pigments are chlorophyll-a, d and phycoerythrin.
(a) (i) is correct, but (ii) and (iii) are wrong.
(b) (i) and (ii) are correct, but (iii) is wrong.
(c) (i) and (iii) are correct, but (ii) is wrong.
(d) (iii) is correct, but (i) and (ii) are wrong.

Answer: (d)

Q.11. Algae have cell wall made up of
(a) cellulose, galactans and mannans
(b) hemicellulose, pectins and proteins
(c) pectins, cellulose and proteins
(d) cellulose, hemicellulose and pectins.

Answer: (a)

Q.12. Which plays an important role in the dispersal of spores in Funaria?
(a) Operculum
(b) Capsule
(c) Peristome and annulus
(d) Sporogonium

Answer: (c)

Q.13. Read the following five statements (i – v) and answer the question.
(i) In Equisetum the female gametophyte is retained on the parent sporophyte.
(ii) In Ginkgo male gametophyte is not independent.
(iii) The sporophyte in Riccia is more developed than that in Polytrichum.
(iv) Sexual reproduction in Volvox is isogamous.
(v) The spores of slime molds lack cell walls.
How many of the above statements are correct?
(a) Two
(b) Three
(c) Four
(d) One

Answer: (a) Statement (i) and (ii) are correct.
Riccia is liverwort in which simplest sporophyte consists of capsule only while Polytrichum is moss in which sporophyte consists of foot, seta & capsule. Volvox is a fresh water green colonial alga. Reproduction is both sexual and asexual. Sexual reproduction is oogamous. Slime moulds are consumer decomposer protists. They possess characters of plants (cellulosic cell wall), animals (phagotrophic nutrition) and fungi (spores).

Q.14. People recovering from long illness are often advised to include the alga Spirulina in their diet because it
(a) makes the food easy to digest.
(b) is rich in proteins.
(c) has antibiotic properties.
(d) restores the intestinal microflora.

Answer: (b) Algae Spirulina is one of the richest sources of protein, containing 40–50 percent crude protein on dry weight basis which under favourable condition may reach upto 70 percent. So, the people recovering from long illness are advised to take it in the diet.

Q.15. Which of the following cell organelle remains enveloped by a single unit membrane?
(a) Mitochondria
(b) Lysosomes
(c) Nucleus
(d) Chloroplast

Answer: (b) The membrane surrounding a lysosome allows the digestive enzymes to work at the 4.5 pH they require. They are created by the addition of hydrolytic enzymes to early endosomes from the Golgi apparatus.

Q.16. In Chlorophyceae, sexual reproduction occurs by
(a) isogamy and anisogamy
(b) isogamy, anisogamy and oogamy
(c) oogamy only
(d) anisogamy and oogamy

Answer: (b)

Q.17. Which one of the following is common to multicellular fungi, filamentous algae and protonema of mosses?
(a) Diplontic life cycle
(b) Members of kingdom plantae
(c) Mode of Nutrition
(d) Multiplication by fragmentation

Answer: (d)

Q.18. Which one of the following is a correct statement ?
(a) Pteridophyte gametophyte has a protonemal and leafy stage
(b) In gymnosperms female gametophyte is free-living
(c) Antheridiophores and archegoniophores are present in pteridophytes
(d) Origin of seed habit can be traced in pteridophytes

Answer: (d)
(a) Gametophyte of bryophytes bears protonemal & leafy stage.
(b) In gymnosperm female gametophyte is not free living.
(c) They are present in Marchantia or which is a bryophyte.
(d) Origin of seed habit started in pteridophyte Selaginaella.

Q.19. What is the similarity between gymnosperms and angiosperms ?
(a) Phloem of both have companian cells.
(b) Endosperm is formed before fertilization in both.
(c) Origin of ovule and seed is similar in both.
(d) Both have leaves, stem and roots.

Answer: (d)

Q.20. In gymnosperms, the ovule is naked because
(a) ovary wall is absent
(b) integuments are absent
(c) perianth is absent
(d) nucellus is absent

Answer: (a)

Importance of Practicing MCQ Questions for NEET Biology

Practicing Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) is an important part of preparing for the NEET Biology exam. Here are some reasons why practicing MCQs is essential for NEET Biology preparation:

  1. Enhances knowledge retention: MCQs require you to recall information, which helps improve your memory and knowledge retention.
  2. Increases speed and accuracy: Regular practice of MCQs helps you become faster and more accurate in answering questions, which is essential for the NEET Biology exam.
  3. Familiarizes with the exam pattern: Practicing MCQs gives you an idea of the type of questions that can be asked in the exam, helping you prepare better.
  4. Improves test-taking skills: MCQs require you to analyze information and choose the best answer from a given set of options. This helps improve your test-taking skills.
  5. Helps identify knowledge gaps: Practicing MCQs can help you identify areas where you need to improve your understanding or clarify your concepts.
  6. Boosts confidence: Regular practice of MCQs can help boost your confidence, making you feel more prepared and less anxious about the exam.

Therefore, it is important to practice MCQs as part of your NEET Biology exam preparation to increase your chances of success.

Best Ways to Prepare for NEET Biology

Preparing for NEET biology requires a combination of a strong foundation in fundamental concepts and consistent practice. Here are some tips on how to prepare for NEET biology:

  1. Understand the Syllabus: NEET biology syllabus covers a vast range of topics, so it’s essential to have a clear understanding of the syllabus. Refer to the NEET biology syllabus and mark the topics that you need to focus on.
  2. Strengthen the Fundamentals: NEET biology tests your understanding of basic concepts, so it’s crucial to have a strong foundation in fundamental concepts. Start with the basics and build on them. Use textbooks and other study materials to revise the basics.
  3. Practice Diagrams: Biology has a lot of diagrams that need to be labeled and explained. Practice drawing and labeling diagrams regularly to ensure that you are comfortable with it.
  4. Practice MCQs: NEET biology consists mainly of multiple-choice questions (MCQs). Practice MCQs regularly to improve your speed and accuracy.
  5. Take Mock Tests: Take mock tests regularly to get an idea of the exam pattern, time management, and to identify your strengths and weaknesses. Analyze your performance in the mock tests and work on improving your weak areas.
  6. Revision: Revision is crucial to retain what you have studied. Set aside time for regular revision and ensure that you revise all the topics at least once.
  7. Stay Motivated: NEET biology requires consistent effort and hard work. Stay motivated and focused on your goals and maintain a positive attitude towards your preparation.

So, preparing for NEET biology requires a combination of strong fundamentals, consistent practice, and regular revision. With proper planning and dedicated effort, you can score well in NEET biology.

Chapters Covered in NEET Biology

NEET Biology covers a vast range of topics from both Botany and Zoology. The NEET Biology syllabus is divided into two parts – Class 11 and Class 12. Here is an overview of the chapters covered in NEET Biology:

Class 11 Biology:

  1. The Living World
  2. Biological Classification
  3. Plant Kingdom
  4. Animal Kingdom
  5. Morphology of Flowering Plants
  6. Anatomy of Flowering Plants
  7. Structural Organisation in Animals
  8. Cell: The Unit of Life
  9. Biomolecules
  10. Cell Cycle and Cell Division
  11. Transport in Plants
  12. Mineral Nutrition
  13. Photosynthesis in Higher Plants
  14. Respiration in Plants
  15. Plant Growth and Development

Class 12 Biology:

  1. Reproduction in Organisms
  2. Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
  3. Human Reproduction
  4. Reproductive Health
  5. Principles of Inheritance and Variation
  6. Molecular Basis of Inheritance
  7. Evolution
  8. Human Health and Disease
  9. Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production
  10. Microbes in Human Welfare
  11. Biotechnology: Principles and Processes
  12. Biotechnology and its Applications
  13. Organisms and Populations
  14. Ecosystem
  15. Biodiversity and Conservation
  16. Environmental Issues

The NEET Biology syllabus covers a diverse range of topics, and it is essential to have a clear understanding of each topic to score well in the exam. It is recommended to refer to the NCERT textbooks and other standard reference books for NEET Biology preparation.

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