Biology MCQs for NEET Chapter – Morphology of Flowering Plants

Here in this article, we are providing Biology MCQs for NEET. MCQ questions in NEET are designed to test the candidate’s knowledge, understanding, and application of concepts related to biology, physics, and chemistry. These questions require students to analyze the given information and choose the most appropriate answer from the list of options provided.

Here we are providing Biology MCQs for NEET Chapter- Morphology of Flowering Plants.

Biology MCQs for NEET Chapter – Morphology of Flowering Plants

Q.1. Insectivorous plants grow in
(a) calcium deficient soil
(b) carbon deficient soil
(c) magnesium deficient soil
(d) nitrogen deficient soil

Answer (d) Insectivorous plants grown in nitrogen deficient soil. Therefore, these plants capture insects and have the ability to digest them (their protein). Since proteins are made up of amino acids, having nitrogen in their structure (amino group), these plants overcome the deficiency of nitrogen which is essential for their growth.

Q.2. Pineapple (ananas) fruit develops from
(a) a multipistillate syncarpous flower
(b) a cluster of compactly borne flowers on a common axis
(c) a multilocular monocarpellary flower
(d) a unilocular polycarpellary flower

Answer (b)

Q.3. Which part of the coconut produces coir?
(a) Seed coat
(b) Mesocarp
(c) Epicarp
(d) Pericarp

Answer (b)

Q.4. Velamen is found in
(a) roots of screwpine
(b) aerial and terrestrial roots of orchids
(c) leaves of Ficus elastica
(d) only aerial roots of orchids

Answer (d)

Q.5. Scutellum is a/an
(a) protective covering of radicle
(b) protective covering of plumule
(c) endosperm of gymnosperms
(d) shield-shaped cotyledon

Answer (d)

Q.6. Milky water of green coconut is
(a) liquid nucellus
(b) liquid of female gametophyte
(c) liquid endosperm
(d) liquid embryo

Answer (c) In Cocos nucifera (coconut) milky endosperm is found in which many nuclei, vitamins and growth hormone e.g., cytokinins, auxin and induced cytokinin is found.

Q.7. Fibrous root system is better adopted than tap root system for
(a) transport of organic matter
(b) absorption of water and minerals
(c) storage of food
(d) anchorage of plant to soil

Answer (d)

Q.8. Hypanthodium is
(a) thalamus
(b) fruit
(c) inflorescence
(d) ovary

Answer (c)

Q.9. Which of the following statement (s) is/are incorrect?
(i) Calyx and corolla are reproductive organs of a flower.
(ii) Zygomorphic flower can be divided into two equal radial halves in any radial plane.
(iii) Flowers without bracts are termed as bracteate.
(iv) Parthenocarpic fruit is formed after fertilization of the ovary.
(v) In legumes, seed is non-endospermic. (vi) Radical buds develop on roots.
(a) (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv)
(b) (i), (ii) and (v)
(c) (iii), (iv) and (vi)
(d) (i), (iv) and (v)

Answer (a)

Q.10. Clove is
(a) flower bud
(b) axillary bud
(c) thalamus
(d) ovule

Answer (a)

Q.11. In a cereal grain the single cotyledon of embryo is represented by
(a) scutellum
(b) prophyll
(c) coleoptile
(d) coleorrhiza

Answer (a) Single cotyledon of embryo in cereal grain is represented by scutellum. Coleoptile represents the covering of stem. Coleorrhiza represents the covering of root.

Q.12. When gynoecium is present in the top most position of thalamus, the flower is known as
(a) inferior
(b) epigynous
(c) perigynous
(d) hypogynous

Answer (d)

Q.13. The mode of catching insects in Drosera plants is by means of
(a) sensitive glandular hairs which secrete a sweet, viscous, shining substance.
(b) specially sensitive trigger hairs.
(c) leaves which are modified into pitcher.
(d) leaf segments modified into bladder.

Answer (a)

Q.14. Which is not a stem modification ?
(a) Rhizome of ginger
(b) Corm of Colocasia
(c) Pitcher of Nepenthes
(d) Tuber of potato

Answer (c)

Q.15. Which one of the following is a true fruit?
(a) Apple
(b) Pear
(c) Cashew nut
(d) Coconut

Answer (d) The fruit is a mature or ripened ovary. When a fruit develops exclusively from the ovary, it is said to be true fruit. When in addition to the ovary, some other floral part also participates in the formation of fruits, then it is known as false fruit. Apple, pear, cashewnut, mulberry etc. are all false fruits.

Q.16. Pulses are belong to the family
(a) fabaceae
(b) asteraceae
(c) poaceae
(d) solanaceae

Answer (a)

Q.17. Perisperm is
(a) remnant of endosperm
(b) persistant nucellus
(c) remnant of embryo
(d) part of endosperm

Answer (d) Desert plants have well developed root system so that they can absorb water from the deeper layers of soil. They have sunken stomata and reduced leaves which reduce the rate of water loss through transpiration.

Q.18. Which option is correctly matched with the diagrams?
(a) A-Valvate B-Twisted, C-Imbricate, D-Vexillary
(b) A-Vexillary, B-Valvate, C-Twisted, D-Imbricate
(c) A-Imbricate, B-Vexillary, C-Valvate, D-Twisted
(d) A-Twisted, B-Imbricate, C-Vexillary, D-Valvate

Answer (a)

Q.19. Maize grain is a fruit known as
(a) cypsela
(b) caryopsis
(c) legume
(d) achene

Answer (b) Caryopsis is a small, indehiscent, one seeded fruit developing from a monocarpellary ovary in which the pericarp is fused with the seed coat. The seed completely fills the chamber, e.g., wheat, maize.

Q.20. Select correct match w.r.t column I & II.
Column I Column II
A. Modified tap root I. Zea mays for respiration
B. Storage tap root II. ipomoea
C. Modified aventitious III. Rhizophora root for mechanical support
D. Modified adventitious IV. Turnip root for food storge
(a) A-III; B-IV; C-I; D-II
(b) A-III; B-IV; C-II; D-I
(c) A-IV; B-II; C-I; D-III
(d) A-III; B-II; C-I; D-IV

Answer (a)

Q.21. The modified stem in grasses, strawberry and Crysanthemum is concerned with special functions i.e.,
i. Food storage
ii. Vegetative propagation
iii. Assimilation
iv. Spread to new niches
v. Perennation
(a) ii, iv
(b) i, ii, v
(c) ii, iv, v
(d) iii, iv, v

Answer (a) Sub-aerial stem

Q.22. Monocotyledonous root differs from dicot root in which of the following internal features (a to d)?
(a) Presence of parenchymatous pericycle.
(b) Absence of fewre xylem bundle.
(c) Presence of large and well-developed pith.
(d) Presence of parenchymatous cortex without intercellular spaces.

Answer (c) Polyarch condition

Q.23. Inner layer of pericarp is hard and stony in
(a) Dateplam, Almond
(b) Wood, apple, Pea
(c) Mango, Coconut
(d) Pear, Litchi

Answer (c) Drupe is the fruit type in mango & coconut.

Q.24. The modified stem in some plants of arid region is
(a) Tendril for climbring as in Passiflora
(b) Spines for defence mechanism
(c) Phylloclade for food synthesis
(d) Phyllode for food synthesis

Answer (c) Opuntia has phylloclade for food synthesis.

Q.25. In which of the following type of flowers stamens are superior in position?
(a) Hypogynous
(b) Perigynous
(c) Epigynous
(d) Protogynous

Answer (c) Inferior ovary

Importance of Practicing MCQ Questions for NEET Biology

Practicing Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) is an important part of preparing for the NEET Biology exam. Here are some reasons why practicing MCQs is essential for NEET Biology preparation:

  1. Enhances knowledge retention: MCQs require you to recall information, which helps improve your memory and knowledge retention.
  2. Increases speed and accuracy: Regular practice of MCQs helps you become faster and more accurate in answering questions, which is essential for the NEET Biology exam.
  3. Familiarizes with the exam pattern: Practicing MCQs gives you an idea of the type of questions that can be asked in the exam, helping you prepare better.
  4. Improves test-taking skills: MCQs require you to analyze information and choose the best answer from a given set of options. This helps improve your test-taking skills.
  5. Helps identify knowledge gaps: Practicing MCQs can help you identify areas where you need to improve your understanding or clarify your concepts.
  6. Boosts confidence: Regular practice of MCQs can help boost your confidence, making you feel more prepared and less anxious about the exam.

Therefore, it is important to practice MCQs as part of your NEET Biology exam preparation to increase your chances of success.

Best Ways to Prepare for NEET Biology

Preparing for NEET biology requires a combination of a strong foundation in fundamental concepts and consistent practice. Here are some tips on how to prepare for NEET biology:

  1. Understand the Syllabus: NEET biology syllabus covers a vast range of topics, so it’s essential to have a clear understanding of the syllabus. Refer to the NEET biology syllabus and mark the topics that you need to focus on.
  2. Strengthen the Fundamentals: NEET biology tests your understanding of basic concepts, so it’s crucial to have a strong foundation in fundamental concepts. Start with the basics and build on them. Use textbooks and other study materials to revise the basics.
  3. Practice Diagrams: Biology has a lot of diagrams that need to be labeled and explained. Practice drawing and labeling diagrams regularly to ensure that you are comfortable with it.
  4. Practice MCQs: NEET biology consists mainly of multiple-choice questions (MCQs). Practice MCQs regularly to improve your speed and accuracy.
  5. Take Mock Tests: Take mock tests regularly to get an idea of the exam pattern, time management, and to identify your strengths and weaknesses. Analyze your performance in the mock tests and work on improving your weak areas.
  6. Revision: Revision is crucial to retain what you have studied. Set aside time for regular revision and ensure that you revise all the topics at least once.
  7. Stay Motivated: NEET biology requires consistent effort and hard work. Stay motivated and focused on your goals and maintain a positive attitude towards your preparation.

So, preparing for NEET biology requires a combination of strong fundamentals, consistent practice, and regular revision. With proper planning and dedicated effort, you can score well in NEET biology.

Chapters Covered in NEET Biology

NEET Biology covers a vast range of topics from both Botany and Zoology. The NEET Biology syllabus is divided into two parts – Class 11 and Class 12. Here is an overview of the chapters covered in NEET Biology:

Class 11 Biology:

  1. The Living World
  2. Biological Classification
  3. Plant Kingdom
  4. Animal Kingdom
  5. Morphology of Flowering Plants
  6. Anatomy of Flowering Plants
  7. Structural Organisation in Animals
  8. Cell: The Unit of Life
  9. Biomolecules
  10. Cell Cycle and Cell Division
  11. Transport in Plants
  12. Mineral Nutrition
  13. Photosynthesis in Higher Plants
  14. Respiration in Plants
  15. Plant Growth and Development

Class 12 Biology:

  1. Reproduction in Organisms
  2. Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
  3. Human Reproduction
  4. Reproductive Health
  5. Principles of Inheritance and Variation
  6. Molecular Basis of Inheritance
  7. Evolution
  8. Human Health and Disease
  9. Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production
  10. Microbes in Human Welfare
  11. Biotechnology: Principles and Processes
  12. Biotechnology and its Applications
  13. Organisms and Populations
  14. Ecosystem
  15. Biodiversity and Conservation
  16. Environmental Issues

The NEET Biology syllabus covers a diverse range of topics, and it is essential to have a clear understanding of each topic to score well in the exam. It is recommended to refer to the NCERT textbooks and other standard reference books for NEET Biology preparation.

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